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NBA赌球合法化能控制地下赌球吗!
时间:2019-03-01


It remains one of the most tantalizing questions in all of American professional sport: Does game-fixing still exist?
 这仍然是美国职业体育界最能引起好奇心的问题之一:操纵比赛的现象还存在吗?

In the 100 years since 1919, when gamblers blackened the Chicago White Sox, only the Tim Donaghy scandal has offered the hint of an answer — but also a repudiation.
1919年,赌球的人们抹黑芝加哥白袜队,自那以来的100年里,只有蒂姆·多纳吉丑闻提供了答案的线索,但也遭到了否定。

For 11 years, the official plotline has been that Donaghy was a rogue, gambling-addicted ref who made some bets on his own games — and nothing more.
11年来,官方的情节一直是,多纳吉是一个流氓、嗜赌的裁判,他在自己的比赛中下了一些赌注——仅此而已。

The NBA conducted its own investigation and concluded that Donaghy, in fact, did not fix games.
NBA进行了自己的调查,得出的结论是,多纳吉实际上并没有操纵比赛。

But for many in and around the league, suspicions have remained that the full story has not been told, that what really happened has been suppressed.
但对于联盟内外的许多人来说,他们仍然怀疑,事情的真相没有被披露,真正发生的事情被隐瞒了。

It matters all the more now.
 现在更重要了。

On May 14 of last year, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a 1992 federal law that had forbidden states from legalizing sports gambling within their own borders.
去年5月14日,美国最高法院推翻了1992年通过的一项联邦法律,该法律禁止各州在其境内将体育赌博合法化。

It's widely believed that the ruling will lead to a lifting of the interstate prohibition on sports betting, which, in turn, would give rise to a massive increase in the money wagered on American sports.
人们普遍认为,这项裁决将导致取消州际间对体育博彩的禁令,而这反过来又会导致押注美国体育的资金大幅增加。

At the same time, the NBA — which once balked at gambling — has now openly embraced legalized sports betting more than any other U.S. pro sports league.
与此同时,曾经不愿赌博的NBA,现在比美国任何职业体育联盟都更公开地接受合法的体育博彩。

In July of 2018, commissioner Adam Silver announced a multiyear deal for MGM Resorts to be the "official gaming partner of the NBA."
2018年7月,NBA总裁亚当·西尔弗(Adam Silver)宣布与美高梅国际酒店集团(MGM Resorts)达成一项多年协议,让后者成为“NBA的官方博彩合作伙伴”。

Proponents of legalization have long argued that regulation leads to transparency, which helps root out game-fixing schemes.
合法化的支持者长期以来一直认为,监管会带来透明度,有助于根除操纵比赛的计划。

But there is much evidence to suggest the opposite.
但有很多证据表明情况恰恰相反。

As economist Wladimir Andreff of the University of Paris has written: "All economic analyses conclude that the more money there is inflowing to sport, the greater the sport corruption."
正如巴黎大学经济学家弗拉基米尔·安德烈夫所写的那样:“所有的经济分析都得出结论,体育带来的资金流入越多,体育腐败就越严重。”
 
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